Professors Mark Christensen, Mark Johnson, and Rick Kopp;
Associate Professors Mary Anne Carletta, Tim Griffith, Tracy Livingston (Chair),
Bill Stevens; Adjunct Instructors Jana Henson and Ray Wechman
The Department of Biological Sciences offers students the knowledge and skills that will prepare them for futures in professional settings and/or serve them as citizens and caretakers of life on earth. The department offers a range of introductory and advanced courses in the areas of zoology, botany, microbiology, cell and molecular biology, and ecology. The B.S. degree program is designed to provide students the academic preparation needed to succeed in graduate and professional schools in the health sciences (medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, pharmacy, physical therapy, nursing, etc.), environmental fields, teaching, and many areas of research. In addition, the department provides the academic preparation for employment in biological fields (academic, industrial, government, and medical). The department, through its curriculum, helps students to achieve this preparation by requiring students to demonstrate:
an understanding of the purpose of science and the place biology has among the sciences and society, in general;
an understanding of the scientific method: construction of hypotheses, data collection and analysis techniques, and formulation of conclusions;
a comprehension and appreciation of the basic concepts of biological science including: the unity and diversity of life, biological molecules, the cell as a functioning structure, mechanisms of inheritance, principles of ecology, and processes of evolution;
skills for effective verbal communication to peers in scientific settings;
skills to write clear scientific research and review papers;
an understanding of the process of scientific publication and the ability to understand and critique primary scientific literature.
The biology faculty aim to facilitate a well-rounded educational experience for each student by providing challenging in-class instruction, hands-on laboratory and field experiences, and opportunities to engage in independent study.
(B.S. degree) Forty-nine hours required. A minimum of thirty-eight hours in Biology including BIO 111, 212, 214, 314, 335, 451, 452, and fourteen hours of electives to be selected from 300-400 level courses in Biology (excluding BIO 306). One elective course must be a field course selected from the following: BIO 300, 316, 320, 413, or 470 field topics. A maximum of three hours of Independent Study, BIO 440, can be used to satisfy the elective hours. In addition, the required allied hours are MAT 111 and CHE 111, 112, and 113. MAT 125, and CHE 201, 202, 309 and 310 are recommended. Those seeking certification in teaching must take BIO 305 and 311 as two of their electives. The four courses in the biology core (BIO 111, 212, 214, 314) are preferably taken in the freshman and sophomore years; all should be completed by the end of the junior year.
Eighteen hours required, including BIO 111. Note that BIO 212, 214, or 314 are prerequisites for most upper level electives. BIO 100 does not apply to a major or minor in Biology.
100. Science of Life. (3 hours) A general course designed for students other than biology or environmental science majors or minors. Laboratory. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Fall and Spring
111. Biological Principles. (4 hours) An introduction to the major themes of biology: organismal diversity, evolution and ecology, and the cellular, genetic, and metabolic basis of life. Laboratory. This course carries the Quantitative (Q) Flag in the Foundations and Core Program. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Fall and Spring
208. Science Careers Seminar. (2 hours) An interdisciplinary seminar in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) disciplines that will introduce students interested in scientific research to an array of professions and professionals in these fields. This introduction will emphasize comprehension and analysis of published scientific research and provide students with the opportunity to meet the science professional who produced the work. Prerequisites: One science or mathematics course for majors, sophomore or junior standing, and approval of instructor. Fall
212. Cellular and Molecular Biology. (4 hours) An introduction to cell biology, metabolism, genetics, gene expression, and diversity of unicellular organisms. Laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 111. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Spring
214. Organismal Diversity. (4 hours) An introduction to the biology of multicellular organisms. Lecture topics include reproduction and early development, control of gene expression in development, homeostatic systems of plants and animals, signaling and coordination in plants and animals, and the history of multicellular life. Lab will emphasize the diversity and evolution of multicellular organisms. Laboratory. Prerequisites: BIO 111. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Fall
260. Preceptorship in Health Sciences or Veterinary Science. (1 hour) On site supervised experience in the medical, dental, pharmacy, or veterinary sciences. Prerequisite: Junior classification with a minimum GPA of 3.0 or permission of instructor. BIO 305 recommended. (Pass/Fail only) Fall and Spring
300. Marine Biology. (3 hours) An introduction to marine science with an emphasis on the ecology of marine life and marine ecosystems. Required off campus field trip. Prerequisite: One course from BIO 212, 214, or 314.
305. Human Physiology I. (3 hours) The function of the human body with
emphasis on cellular and tissue-level structure and function. Topics include
cellular physiology and the physiology of the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and respiratory systems. Prerequisite: BIO 212 Fall
305L. Human Physiology I Lab: Electrophysiology. (1 hour) This lab is designed to introduce students to the properties of cells in the respiratory, skeletal muscle and cardiovascular systems. Most labs will examine the electrical properties of cells, including electroencephalography, electrocardiography, and electromyography. Corequisite: BIO 305. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Fall
306. Human Physiology II. (3 hours) A continuation of Biology 305. The physiology of the brain and sensory organs, and of the endocrine, digestive, immune, and urogenital systems, with emphasis on cell and tissue structure and function. Prerequisite: BIO 305 Spring
306L. Human Physiology II Lab: Histology. (1 hour) This lab is designed to introduce students to the microscopic study of cellular/tissue structure and function. All of the major organ systems will be examined in this lab. Corequisite: BIO 306. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Spring
311. General Microbiology. (4 hours) Introduction to the diversity, cell biology, physiology, genetics, ecology, and medical impact of microorganisms and viruses. Laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 212. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Fall and Spring
312. Immunology and Pathogenesis. (4 hours) A study of the bacteria pathogenic to humans and the mechanisms of infection and immunity. Methods of isolation, growth, and identification of the pathogens and serology are emphasized. Laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 212; BIO 311 recommended. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Odd Springs
314. Evolution and Ecology. (4 hours) Study of populations, communities, and ecosystems, and the evolutionary forces that shape them. Laboratory. Prerequi-sites: BIO 111; MAT 111 recommended. This course carries the Quantitative (Q) Flag in the Foundations and Core Program. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Spring
316. Plant Taxonomy and Spring Flora. (4 hours) Principles of classification, identification, and nomenclature of vascular plants. Field-oriented laboratory emphasizes collection and identification techniques, as well as on-sight recognition of local flora in winter and spring conditions. Prerequisite: BIO 214. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Odd Springs
320. Vertebrate Ecology. (4 hours) An investigation of vertebrate animals emphasizing their ecology, biogeography, and conservation. Special emphasis is placed on life history strategies. Field-oriented laboratory activities include the collection and identification of animals, as well as the gathering and analysis of baseline population data. Prerequisite: BIO 214. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Odd Falls
325. Vertebrate Anatomy and Embryology. (4 hours) A course on the organization, development, and function of the vertebrate body, with emphasis on understanding why vertebrates, including humans, are built as they are. Laboratory includes detailed dissection of sharks and cats and microscopic study of frog and chick embryos. This course provides a strong foundation for the study of medical or veterinary gross anatomy, but it is not intended solely for pre-medical and pre-veterinary students. Laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 214 or BIO 305. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Spring
330. Environmental Science and Natural Resources. (3 hours) (See ENV 330) Even Springs
335. Genetics and Molecular Biology. (4 hours) Introduction to both classical and molecular genetics using microbial, plant, and animal systems. Modern recombinant DNA techniques and their applications are also discussed. Laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 212. This course carries the Quantitative (Q) Flag in the Foundations and Core Program. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Fall and Spring
337. Cell Biology. (4 hours) Relationships of intricate cell structures to specialized cell function, including mechanisms associated with growth, differentiation, biochemical activity, physiological behavior. Laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 212. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section.
413. Freshwater Biology. (4 hours) Freshwater systems and the nature and interactions of their physical and biotic components. Includes taxonomic identification, emphasizing the algae, invertebrates and vertebrates. Laboratory. Prerequisite: BIO 214. Special fee applies, please see Financial Planning and Expenses section. Even Falls
421. Developmental Biology. (3 hours) The genetic and cellular mechanisms underlying the development of multicellular organisms. Topics include control of gene expression, pattern formation, and selected topics in animal and plant development. Emphasis on reading and discussion of current research literature. Prerequisites: BIO 214; BIO 335 recommended. Odd Falls
440. Independent Study. (1-3 hours) An independent research project supervised by a member of the department. Prerequisites: BIO 214, and consent of supervising professor. Fall and Spring
451. Seminar I. (2 hours) A topical “capstone” course which draws upon skills, knowledge, and experiences students have gained throughout their years of college study, particularly in biology. Emphasizes library research, scientific writing, oral presentations, discussion, and critical thinking. Prerequisite: Junior classification and completion of two of the following with a C or better (BIO 212, 214, 314) or permission of instructor. This course carries the Writing (W) Flag in the Foundations and Core Program. Spring
452. Seminar II. (2 hours) A topical “capstone” course which draws upon the skills, knowledge, and experiences students have gained throughout their years of college study, particularly in biology. Emphasizes library research, scientific writing, oral presentations, discussion, and critical thinking. Prerequisites: BIO 451 and Senior classification. Fall
470. Topics in Biology. (1-4 hours) Significant topics in biology. Course content varies. Not offered on a regular basis; students should consult the current class schedule. Prerequisites: Consent of instructor. As needed