Technical Services Department Procedures Manual

 

Section 3D.1 :
Suggested Subject Treatment for Media Materials

1. The term Feature films – these are films that would be in a movie theater, rental store, usually fictional.  Authority record:

150 Feature films
450 Dramatic films
450 Features (Motion pictures)
450 Fiction films
450 Theatrical films
550 Motion pictures
670 $b (Features: Use for films which consist of 4,000 or more feet of 35mm. film, or 1,600 or more feet of 16 mm. film, i.e. with a running time of 40 min. or more)
680 $i
Here are entered individual full-length fiction films with a running time of 40 minutes or more.

Example:

650 _0 Feature films $z [place] $- [any other appropriate subheadings]

650 _0 Feature films $z Italy.
650 _0 Feature films $z Ireland $x Ethnic relations.

Note: see also section 10 on Motion pictures.

2. Short films – authority record:

150 Short films
450 Fiction films
450 Short feature films
450 Shorts (Motion pictures)
550 Motion pictures
680 $i
Here are entered individual short fiction films for general or adult audiences, usually limited to a running time of less than 40 minutes. Short fiction films produced especially for children are entered under $a Children’s films.

Examples:

650 -0 Short films $z Italy.
650 -0 Short films $z Ireland $x Ethnic relations.

3. Documentary films – authority record:

150 Documentary films
450 Documentaries (Motion pictures)
450 Factual films
450 Moving-pictures, Documentary ßw nne
450 Nonfiction films
550 Motion pictures
550 Actualities (Motion pictures)
670 LC database, Sept. 24, 1987 $b (documentary film(s); nonfiction film; documentary; documentaries)
670 $b
(Documentaries and factual works. Use for films and programs which depict actual persons and/or events. Exclude frank historical re-creations, but do not attempt to judge the “truth” of the depiction in a film purporting to be factual or documentary in character)

Examples:

650 -0 Documentary films $z Italy.
650 -0 Documentary films $z Ireland $x Ethnic relations.

4. Use only established subdivisions under subject headings.

5. The subdivision Film and video adaptations – authority record:

150 Film adaptations
360 $i subdivision $a Film and video adaptations $i under individual literatures and under names of individual persons, e.g. $a English literature–Film and video adaptations; Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616–Film and video adaptations
450 Adaptations, Film
450 Books, Filmed
450 Filmed books
450 Films from books
450 Literature $x Film and video adaptations
450 Motion picture adaptations
550 Literature $x Adaptations
550 Motion pictures

Example:

600 10 Shakespeare, William, $d 1564-1616 $t Hamlet $x Film and video adaptations.
630 00 Chanson de Roland $x Film and video adaptations.

6. Foreign language films – there is a difference between the headings Foreign language films and Foreign films, see authority records below.

150 Foreign language films
550 Motion pictures
680 $i Here are entered works on motion pictures in a foreign language produced for the export market. Works on motion pictures produced by foreign film companies are entered under the heading $a Foreign films. $i Instructional films about a language or languages designed for speakers of other languages are entered under the language being taught with subdivisions $a Films for foreign speakers $i or $a Films for French [Spanish, etc.] speakers, $i e.g. $a English language–Films for foreign speakers; French language–Films for English speakers.
681 $i Note under $a Foreign films

150 Foreign films
450 Films, Foreign
450 Motion pictures, Foreign
550 Motion pictures
680 $i Here are entered works on motion pictures produced by foreign film companies. When the heading is subdivided by place, the subdivision refers to the locality where the films are available or viewed. Works on motion pictures produced by film companies in a specific country and available or viewed in another country or countries are entered under the heading $a Motion pictures $i qualified by the country of origin, e.g. $a Motion pictures, American. $i Works on motion pictures in a foreign language produced for the export market are entered under the heading $a Foreign language films.
681 $i Note under $a Foreign language films

Clear, huh? Anyway, suggestion/example for local use of feature films in foreign languages, to be consistent…

650 _0 Foreign films $z Italy.
650 _0 Foreign films $z Ireland $x Ethnic relations.

Modern Languages and Cultures Dept. has asked that we add a subject heading for the language, examples:

650 _0 French language materials.
650 _0 Spanish language materials.
650 _0 German language $x Audio-visual aids.

7. Special headings for handicapped persons. If you can determine that the media has been prepared for use by people with a handicap, you can add…

650 _0 Films for the hearing impaired.
650 _0 Films for the visually handicapped
650 _0 Video recordings for the hearing impaired.
650 _0 Video recordings for the visually impaired.

8. Children’s media – authority records:

150 Children’s films
550 Motion pictures
680 $i Here are entered individual fiction films which are produced primarily for children.
681 $i
Notes under $a Motion pictures for children; Short films

150 Motion pictures for children
360 $i subdivision $a Juvenile films $i under subjects
450 Juvenile films
450 Moving-pictures for children
680 $i
Here are entered works which discuss collectively fiction and non-fiction films for children. Individual fiction films for children are entered under $a Children’s films. $i Works discussing fiction films for children are entered under $a Children’s films–History and criticism.

150 Juvenile sound recordings
260 $i subdivision $a Juvenile sound recordings $i under subjects

150 Young adult films
450 Films for young adults
450 Motion pictures for young adults
150 Video recordings for children
450 Videocassettes for children

The following subdivisions may be used under subjects:

185 $v Juvenile films
485 $v Films, Juvenile
680 $i Use as a form subdivision under subjects.
681 $i Reference under the heading $a Motion pictures for children

185 $v Juvenile sound recordings
485 $v Sound recordings for children
680 $i Use as a form subdivision under subjects.
681 $i Reference under the general see reference $a Juvenile sound recordings

185 $v Juvenile software
485 $v Children’s software
585 $v Software $w g
680 $i Use as a form subdivision under subjects.
681 $i Reference under the heading $a Children’s software

Examples:

650 -0 Friendship $v Juvenile films.
651 -0 Outer Banks (N.C.) $v Juvenile films.

9. Other media types… there are valid subject headings and subdivsions existing for the following types headings so you will see them used on cataloging records. This is just a few examples, check the authority file or LC Subject Headings for more.

DVD Video-discs.
DVDs
DVD-ROMs.
CDROMs
Video recordings.
Computer games

$v Computer games
$v Software

10. The term Motion pictures can be problematic. It is the established heading for many entries, however, users and staff tend to prefer things like Feature films, Films, etc. The following are valid and are used. If they are on a record I would not take them off. They should be used on original cataloging records.

150 Motion pictures
360 $i subdivision $a In motion pictures $i under names of countries, cities, etc., and under names of individual persons, families, and corporate bodies; and headings of the type [topic] in motion pictures, e.g. $a Children in motion pictures; Death in motion pictures
450
Cinema
450
Feature films $x History and criticism
450
Films
450
Movies
450
Moving-pictures
550
Audio-visual materials
550
Mass media
550
Performing arts
680 $i Here are entered general works on motion pictures themselves, including motion pictures as an art form, copyrighting, distribution, editing, plots, production, etc. Works on the technical aspects of making motion pictures and their projection onto a screen are entered under $a Cinematography.
681
$i Note under $a Cinematography

Examples:

Motion pictures $z China.
Motion pictures $x Political aspects.
Motion pictures $z Canada $v Dictionaries.

 

There are valid headings for:

Motion pictures for children.
Motion pictures for men.
Motion pictures for women.
Etc.

Motion pictures in … example:

Motion pictures in psychotherapy.

Motion pictures, [Adjectival description]  example:

Motion pictures, Chinese.
Motion pictures, Silent.

Check the authority file or LC Subject Headings.  This only puts a dent in the possible headings used for various media.

11. Local practices – Do not use local practices on original OCLC cataloging. Create the record on OCLC and then edit locally.

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