Philosophy studies the basic beliefs that support all of our thinking and living. These beliefs are about the nature and existence of the universe, God, persons, free will, space/time, and causality; about evidence, theory-testing, and rational judgment; and about justice, the good person, and moral education. The curriculum emphasizes the history of philosophy as well as recent philosophical work concerning religion, science, business activity, and environmental protection. Philosophy students will develop skills to evaluate critically what they read, to examine and to write clearly about what they believe, and (through response-group and class discussion) to think in a cooperative way. These skills are useful in most careers and in graduate and advanced professional study. Majors often select an area of philosophy for independent study. All majors take advanced courses in other disciplines related to their philosophical interests; many double-major in another academic field. Philosophy participates in the Business and Ethics Interdisciplinary Major described elsewhere in this catalog. The Department offers innovative tutorial courses to prepare students for study at Regent’s Park College, Oxford University.

Major

(B.A. degree) Thirty semester hours, including PHI 152, 201, 203, at least one upper-division history of philosophy course (315, 412, or 435) and either 440 or 450.

Interdisciplinary Major

(B.S. degree) Business Administration and Ethics. See listing under Interdisciplinary Majors and Minors.

Minor

Eighteen semester hours including PHI 152, 201, and 203.

Courses

150. Basic Philosophy. (3 hours) Introduction to typical methods and problems of philosophic thought, with emphasis on forming and evaluating a personal world view. Fall and Spring

151. Ethics. (3 hours) Introduction to the nature and grounds of moral obligation, virtue and the good life from both ancient and modern ethical perspectives. Fall and Spring

152. Logic. (3 hours) Introduction to principles of sound reasoning with emphasis on formal and informal techniques for evaluating arguments. Fall and Spring

201. History of Philosophy I. (3 hours) Survey of the development of Western philosophical thought within its cultural contexts from ancient Greece through the Middle Ages. Exploration of foundational approaches to questions of reality, virtue, knowledge, God, faith and reason. Fall and Spring

203. History of Philosophy II. (3 hours) Survey of the development of Western philosophical thought within its cultural contexts from the Renaissance through the eighteenth century. Exploration of issues foundational to contemporary philosophy, theology and the sciences. Fall and Spring

301. Indian Religious Philosophies. (3 hours) A study of the emergence of Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Zen with emphasis given to basic concepts, major figures, cultural and historical development. (Same as Religion 301) Prerequisites: one course from REL 231, 233, 235 or 237; one course in Philosophy. Even Springs

303. Eastern Religious Philosophies. (3 hours) A study of the emergence of Confucianism, Taoism, Shintoism, Zoroastrianism, Islam, Christianity, and Judaism with emphasis given to basic concepts, major figures, cultural and historical development. (Same as Religion 303) Prerequisites: one course from REL 231, 233, 235, or 237; one course in Philosophy. Odd Springs

315. Existentialism and Idealism. (3 hours) A study of the emergence of existentialist philosophy and literature in the nineteenth century as a response to idealist philosophy. Major figures to be covered are Hegel, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Dostoevsky and Kafka. Prerequisite: one course in Philosophy. Odd Falls

325. Business Ethics. (3 hours) Introduction to both the moral issues involved in business management and the ethical concepts and analytical skills relevant to resolving those issues. Fall and Spring

335. Theories of Economics Justice. (3 hours) Introduction to contemporary theories of distributive justice and their application to the free market, welfare programs, and societal regulation of business activity. Prerequisite: one course in Philosophy. Even Springs

345. Environmental Philosophy and Ethics. (3 hours) Philosophical exploration of the concept of the natural environment, including a survey of ethical positions that guide human habitation in nature. Prerequisite: one course in Philosophy. Even Falls

355. Philosophy of Religion. (3 hours) Philosophical exploration of the classical issues of theistic religious thought, such as the reality of God, the problem of evil, religious language, life after death, and the pluralism of religious traditions. Prerequisites: one course in Philosophy; one from REL 231, 233, 235, 237. Odd Falls

365. Social/Political Philosophy. (3 hours) An examination of the major political philosophies of our time, with same attention to the historical precedents. Prerequisite: one course in philosophy. Odd Falls

370. Topics in Philosophy. (3 hours) The study of a special topic in philosophy, announced at advanced registration. Recent offerings include Postmodernism, Feminist Philosophies, and Friendship and Love. Prerequisite: one course in Philosophy.

375. Tutorial Topics. (3 hours) The study of a special topic in philosophy using a one-on-one tutorial method of instruction adapted from humanities courses at Oxford University and Cambridge University. Please check with department for a list of current offerings. Prerequisite: one course in philosophy and permission of the instructor. Fall and Spring

385. Medical Ethics. (3 hours) Philosophical exploration of the moral issues involved in the practice and management of medicine, including a basic introduction to the moral concepts and analytical skills relevant to resolving these issues. Prerequisite: one course in Philosophy. Odd Springs

412. American Philosophy. (3 hours) Survey of the most influential American philosophies from the colonial period to the present: Puritanism, Deism, transcendentalism, pragmatism, and process philosophy. Prerequisite: one course in Philosophy. Odd Springs

435. Contemporary Philosophy. (3 hours) A survey of leading 20th century philosophers. Russell, Wittgenstein, Heidegger, Husserl, Moore, Davidson, Merleau-Ponty, and Derrida represent some of the figures to be considered. Prerequisite: one course in philosophy. Even Springs

440. Independent Study. (3 hours) With the approval and permission of a member of the Philosophy faculty and the chair of the Philosophy Department, students may undertake independent reading and research on a philosophical topic of their own choosing. Prerequisite: one course in Philosophy. Fall and Spring

450. Seminar. (3 hours) Class presentation of research on a philosophical topic, announced at advanced registration, with the guidance of a member of the Philosophy Faculty. Prerequisite: one course in Philosophy.